Winter Tires: T’is the Season!
Winter Tire season is upon us whether we like it or not. I can hear a deep collective groan! But there are good reasons to install winter tires. In this post, I’ll explain why you should install winter tires (hint: less likely to crash your vehicle) and why winter tires are more effective. Lastly, I will debunk some of the myths that stop people from buying winter tires.
Being from Langley, British Columbia, snow tires were never really on my radar. On the rare occasions when it did snow, the rain would usually wash it all away within a few days. And besides, when it was snowing, everything was cancelled anyways!
Living in Barrie, Ontario gives snow tires a whole new kind of importance. Last year I had snow tires installed on my lightweight truck well before the first snowfall of the year. I figured everyone else had done the same until I saw vehicles struggling to make it up slight inclines and sliding through stop signs. That’s when I thought, maybe not everyone uses winter tires?
Some quick research confirmed my suspicions. The Traffic Injury Research Foundation conducted a study which revealed that only 39% of Ontario drivers use winter tires.
So let me take you through the studies and why winter tires work. Along the way I’ll address some of the myths.
Winter Tires – By the Numbers
Many studies have demonstrated that winter tires are safer in winter than both regular and all-season tires. Studies usually find that winter tires need 20-50% less stopping distance in winter conditions. That distance can be the difference between a stress-free stop and a collision.
In Germany there were 12,539 collisions in 2005. To reduce crashes, Germany made winter tires mandatory. By 2008 the new law was in full effect and only 6,033 collisions occurred.
Quebec is the only province in Canada to have mandated winter tires. In Quebec, motorists install winter tires by December 15th, and keep them on until March 15th. However, even before the law came into effect over 95% of Quebec motorists used winter tires.
Why Do Winter Tires Work?
Why are winter tires so effective? Many people think the only reason they are more effective is because they have a deeper tread, allowing them to grip the road better. While this is one benefit of winter tires, their main benefit is that they maintain flexibility in low temperatures.
The rubber in winter tires will remain flexible enough to fit in tiny irregularities in the pavement, allowing them to “grip” the road better, until temperatures reach -40 degrees Celsius. Summer tires on the other hand begin to harden at about 7 degrees Celsius. Once temperatures drop below freezing, summer tires are like hockey pucks on ice.
The Costs and Myths of Winter Tires
So why don’t people buy winter tires if they are so much safer?
The first reason is that winter tires are expensive. And there’s no doubt that this is true. But as a personal injury lawyer who sees what happens when they aren’t purchased, and things go wrong, I can tell you they don’t seem so expensive to me.
Another thing to remember is that one more mile on winter tires is one less mile on your summer tires. As a result, your summer tires should last twice as long, meaning winter tires are less costly in the long run than you might think.
Beyond cost what are the other reasons people insist they are fine not purchasing winter tires? Turns out many of the reasons/excuses are based on myths.
The “Four-Wheel Drive” Myth
Many people say they don’t need winter tires because they have Four Wheel Drive. And it’s true that Four Wheel Drive helps your vehicle accelerate in snow or mud. But it won’t help your vehicle stop quicker in cold conditions. Your tires will still lose flexibility once the temperature drops below 7 degrees. Four Wheel Drive won’t stop you from sliding through a red light into fast moving traffic.
The “All-Seasons work in Every Season” Myth
All Season tires are a compromise between winter and summer tires. Unlike winter tires, they aren’t overly pliable in the summer (which can increase stopping distance). And unlike summer tires, All-Seasons don’t freeze up at seven degrees. In fact, in a place like BC, All-Seasons might get the job done. Not in Ontario though. Because once the temperature dips below -10 degrees (i.e. most of the winter) those all-seasons won’t be any more effective than summer tires.
The “I Only Need Two Winter Tires” Myth
Some people think they only need to put winter tires on their “drive” tires. This myth is like the Four-Wheel Drive myth. While having tires on the drive tires will improve acceleration, it causes other problems. If the tires are installed on the back of a rear wheel drive, your steering and stopping will still be compromised. Tires only installed on the front of a front wheel drive will cause an imbalance. The lack of traction on the rear wheels will increase the chances of an oversteer, causing the back of the vehicle to slide out.
Buy winter tires. And I promise the tire industry didn’t pay me to write this blog!
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